The Constitution sets out the functions of each sphere of government in Schedules 5 and 6. Part B of these Schedules spells out the services that local government must provide including, for example, electricity, water and sanitation services and roads. Some functions are “shared” meaning that the different spheres of government must cooperate in order to deliver them.
Municipalities vary greatly meaning that their ability to generate income and the costs they encounter also differs. All municipalities have to generate their income from grants, loans and user charges.
How are Municipal Services Funded?
Municipalities receive grants from the taxes that the national government collects. There are two types of grants, namely the municipality’s Equitable Share Grant and the Municipal Infrastructure Grant. The Equitable Share grant is used to help pay for basic services for people whose income is below a certain threshold. The Municipal Infrastructure Grant helps to pay for the construction costs of basic infrastructure services. Municipalities often have to loan money from a back which they have to repay with interest from the income received from taxes and charges. Municipalities, other than District Municipalities, also impose taxes on properties such as houses and businesses based on their values allowing them to subsidise the costs of services. Municipalities also collect fees for the usage of services such as electricity, refuse collection and water and sanitation services.
The resources are spent for the planning, construction, running and maintenance of the services provided. If users who do not qualify for free services don’t pay for them, municipalities don’t have the resources to continue providing the services.
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Welcome to our legal terms. We understand that legal terms can be daunting, but they are necessary to protect both you and us – so we’ve kept ours as clear and concise as possible. Please read this web page carefully, because it affects your rights and responsibilities.
We are Civics Academy – the owner of this website available through www.civicsacademy.co.za (and other domains or standalone applications), and these are our legal terms, including our:
Terms of service – which you agree to by using any of our services; and
We may change any of these terms at any time by updating this web page.
If you have any questions about our legal terms, please contact us.
1. Licence. We grant you a limited licence to use this website.
2. Breach. We may cancel your licence if you breach any of these terms.
3. Framing. You may not frame this website.
4. Capacity. You agree to these terms on the basis that you have the capacity to visit this website.
5. Accurate information. You promise that you will give this website only accurate information.
6. Ownership. We or our third party licensors own all rights in this website.
7. Trade marks. All our trade marks are our property and you may not use them without our permission. All other trade marks are their respective owners’ property.
8. Restrictions. You may not change, hire out, reverse engineer, or copy this website without our permission.
9. Own risk. You use this website at your own risk and we make no warranties about it.
10. Indemnity. You indemnify us against any liability related to your use of this website.
11. Direct damages limited. Our maximum liability to you for all claims for direct damages related to this website is R100.
12. Indirect damages. We will never be responsible for any indirect damages.
3. Terms of service
1. Introduction. These terms cover any transactions where we provide services to you, like when we provide you with access to content through our website.
2. The parties. We are the service provider under these terms. You are the user under these terms.
3. Duration. These terms commence whenever you place a service request and continue until terminated.
4. Service requests. You place service requests with us whenever you use our website.
5. Your data. You own all your data. When you enter any data into the system, you give us a licence to use it to provide the services. We are not responsible for any of your data stored on our system.
6. Intellectual property. We may own intellectual property rights in our services including our videos and podcasts that we make available to you through our website and you may not use those rights without our permission. We may prosecute you for any violations of our proprietary rights.
7. Sharing. We encourage you to share our services including our videos and podcasts that we make available to you through our website and will not prosecute you for doing so, provided that you do not infringe our intellectual property rights associated with a particular service. For example, you may share videos or podcasts under Creative Commons licenses subject to certain restrictions. For more information, please visit: //creativecommons.org/licenses/.
8. Feedback. We invite and value your feedback about our services including our videos and podcasts that we make available to you through our website, but we are not obliged to act on your feedback in any way unless we have a written agreement with you to do so.
9. Disclaimer. We disclaim all warranties to the extent allowed by applicable law. We are not liable for any defect that you cause.
10. Direct damages limited. We are only liable to you for any direct damages that the services may cause up to the total amount of fees that you have paid us for them, which may mean we are not liable for any amount at all where the services are free.
11. Indirect damages excluded. We are not liable for any other losses that the services may cause you.
12. Breach. Please don’t breach your obligations under this agreement. If you do, we have certain rights against you in terms of the law.
13. Termination. We may need to terminate this agreement immediately under certain unlikely circumstances, including if we discontinue the services, believe providing the services could burden or pose a risk to us, have to terminate to comply with a law, or providing the services has become impractical. If we need to terminate, we will give you as much notice as possible in writing.
14. Resolving disputes. We want to avoid disputes about this agreement and resolve them as quickly as possible. But if there is one, either party may inform the other of it in writing. The parties must first try to negotiate to end the dispute, then enter into mediation if negotiation fails, and finally go to arbitration if mediation fails.
15. Notices and domicile. We want to communicate with you effectively about this agreement. For this reason, the parties will send all notices to each others’ email addresses and choose their respective street addresses as their service addresses for all legal documents. The parties may change either address on 14 calendar days written notice to the other.
16. Force majeure. Things may happen that prevent you or us from complying with each of our obligations under this agreement. Neither party is responsible for breach of this agreement caused by circumstances beyond its control, but the other party may cancel the agreement on written notice to the other if the circumstances persist for more than 60 calendar days.
17. Entire agreement. The agreement is the entire agreement between the parties on the subject.
18. Changes. If we change this agreement by updating this web page, any changes will only apply to future service requests.
19. Governing law. The law of South Africa governs this agreement.
1. Purpose. This policy describes the way we handle your personal information.
2. Personal information. Personal information includes information we collect on submission when you place a service request and automatically when you visit this website.
3. Acceptance. You may not request any of our services if you do not accept this policy.
4. Collected on service request. We collect certain personal information when you place a service request.
5. Collected automatically. We collect your Internet usage information when you visit this website.
6. Purpose for collection. We may use any of your personal information that you provide to us for the purposes that you indicated when you agreed to provide it to us.
7. Consent to collection. We will get your consent to collect your personal information in accordance with applicable law when you provide us with it.
8. Use. We may use your personal information to fulfil our obligations to you.
9. Sharing. We may share your personal information with third parties for the purposes of fulfilling our obligations to you.
10. Disclosure. We may disclose personal information to third parties if required for legal reasons.
11. Security. Our website is hosted on a secure server and uses security measures to prevent interference by intruders.
12. Retention. We will only retain your personal information for as long as is necessary.
13. Transfer. We may transfer your personal information outside South Africa to a foreign country.
14. Updating or removing. You may choose to update or remove the personal information you have submitted to us by contacting us.
Civics Academy will not sell or rent your personally identifiable information to anyone.
Civics Academy may send personally identifiable information about you to other companies or people when we need to share your information to provide the product or service you have requested.
In all other cases, the only information we will ever disclose to third parties (e.g. advertisers) is aggregate information about our users.
Aggregate information will never identify you. It only identifies the user population in general terms, e.g. 52% males visit a particular site.
We are not responsible for the privacy practices or the content of sites linking out of the Civics Academy site.
Want to understand more about your rights and responsibilities as an Active Citizen?